Dark chocolates, baking chocolate, and dry cocoa powder are more dangerous than white or milk chocolate. There is also caffeine in chocolate, which can have deleterious […] Large dogs can also tolerate more chocolate than small ones before it becomes a big concern. Why Is Chocolate TOXIC For Dogs? Unaware of its toxicity, some pet parents consider chocolate as a delicious dog treat. Chocolate poisoning can lead to seizures, heart failure and possibly even death. Toxic doses of theobromine begin at nine milligrams (mg) per pound of the dog’s weight for mild signs. This is due to what chocolate is made from – cocoa. You guys are pros now. Dogs are capable of handling some chocolate, but it depends on the animal's weight and the type of chocolate it eats. Chocolate contains a substance called theobromine which is toxic to cats and dogs. For supermarket products, around 90g dark chocolate can kill a 5kg dog, or 200g of milk chocolate. The toxic component of chocolate is theobromine. Chocolate contains cocoa, and cocoa contains the compound theobromine. The amount of toxic theobromine varies with the type of chocolate. 100 grams of milk chocolate is unlikely to cause more than a digestive upset, whereas just over half that much unsweetened cooking chocolate could have devastating effects. If you are unsure whether your dog has eaten enough chocolate to get sick, be sure to contact your vet immediately. Use this Chocolate Toxicity Calculator to work out how much chocolate it would take to cause … These symptoms become severe at 40 to 50mg per kg. If your vet thinks your dog has ingested enough chocolate to be poisoned, you might need to induce vomiting. … But the same cannot be said about dark chocolate. There is no specific antidote for chocolate poisoning in dogs. ). In addition, if your dog has ingested a toxic amount of chocolate, additional treatment including intravenous fluids, administration of activated charcoal, and administration of medications to control symptoms such as vomiting, tremors, and elevated heart rate and blood pressure may also be needed. Chocolate is toxic to dogs because it contains substances known as methylxanthines, specifically caffeine and theobromine. It causes problems with the nervous system, bowels, kidneys and heart. “If you suspect your dog may have eaten even a small amount of macadamia nuts, The danger isn't limited to chocolate either; any food high in fat can lead to pancreatitis. The female dog, Rosie, really liked the white chocolate pieces and ate those exclusively. As some chocolate is more toxic than other types, you can use this handy calculator to give you an idea. It is important not to give your pets any chocolate and to ensure they cannot accidentally access any of your chocolate supplies, especially over Easter! Chocolate can be very toxic to your dog, but the amount and the type of chocolate is critical in assessing whether or not you have to panic. Chocolate can be very toxic to your dog — but the amount and type of chocolate matters a lot. The high level of theobromine in dark chocolate means it takes only a very small amount to poison a dog. Cocoa comes from a pod that grows on a cocoa tree, normally found along the equator belt. Theobromine is toxic to dogs and other pets at certain doses. For instance, 8 ounces (a ½ pound) of milk chocolate may sicken a 50-pound dog, whereas a dog of the same size can be poisoned by as little as 1 ounce of Baker's chocolate! The amount of toxic theobromine varies with the type of chocolate. White chocolate contains minimal amounts of the toxic compounds, milk chocolate has moderate levels and dark or bittersweet chocolate has the most. But, dark, milk and white chocolate have a low percentage of it. In many cases, the high-fat content of chocolate and desserts containing chocolate can be enough to cause pancreatitis in dogs. Higher quality chocolates contain a higher percentage of cacao. If your dog ate chocolate, contact your veterinarian, an emergency veterinarian, or the Pet Poison Helpline at 855-764-7661 (a fee applies). Less than an ounce of dark chocolate may be enough to poison a 44-pound dog. Chocolate and Dogs: How Much Does It Take to Kill a Dog? A chocolate powder that is used in the chocolates contains the toxic. In general, though, the darker and more bitter the chocolate the greater the danger. Dog owners often ask how much chocolate can kill a dog. The compound in chocolate that’s more toxic to dogs is theobromine. The darker the chocolate, the more toxic: Baker’s chocolate is scary. With this information, maybe you don’t have to panic at all. The toxic amount will be lower for high-quality products like Lindt, Haighs or Ghirardelli. The component in chocolate that is toxic to dogs is called theobromine. The darker and more bitter the chocolate, the more dangerous it is to dogs. A large dog can consume more chocolate than a small dog before suffering ill effects. When the amount of theobromine in a dog’s system is higher than 20mg/kg BW symptoms of chocolate poisoning will develop. A question that is mostly seasonal - Valentines Day, Easter and Christmas, etc Cocoa comes from a pod that grows on a cocoa tree, normally found along the equator belt. dogs chocolate should not be a thing, we should not give them any type as chocolate contains theobromine and caffeine. Semi-sweet chocolate has a similar toxic level. How much chocolate is toxic to dogs? Despite being a tasty treat for people, ingesting even the smallest amount can be extremely hazardous to your dogs’ health. The approximate methylxanthine content per ounce of chocolate depends on the type of chocolate: Therefore, a ten-pound dog would need to ingest more than 80 ounces of white chocolate to experience mild to moderate toxicity, but only about 0.2 to 0.3 ounces (about 6 to 9 grams) of baking chocolate. We’ll call her Cookie. Dry cocoa powder and baking chocolate are more dangerous to cats due to the high level of theobromine present in them. “If you suspect your dog may have eaten even a small amount of macadamia nuts, Chocolate is toxic to dogs. 5 Common Foods In Your Pantry That Are Not Safe For Your Pets. Chocolate poisoning is a problem that occurs mainly in dogs but also occurs occasionally in cats or other animals. As you can see, it takes a lot of white chocolate to cause chocolate toxicity in dogs. Dog owners usually know that chocolate is poisonous to dogs, but not all understand how much chocolate is toxic and how. For example, baker’s chocolate contains about 8 to 10 times more theobromine than milk chocolate. is Chocolate really that toxic to your dog, and do you need to worry? The main toxic element of chocolate or cocoa is theobromine, a naturally occurring chemical that is contained in all chocolate, with dark chocolate containing more of it than milk or white chocolate. Also, the darker the chocolate, the more toxic it is. This is equivalent to a large or king-sized candy bar. Many of my clients panic when their dog eats a few M&M’s or some chocolate brownies. It would take 2-3 candy bars to poison a 10 pound dog. This article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. There is no room for guesswork when it comes to your dog's health. As peculiar as it may sound, recent researches show that even dog parents that are aware of the toxic effects tend to frequently give their four-legged mate a small amount of chocolates. Baking chocolate: Approximately 0.5 ounce for a 10-pound dog, 1 ounce for a 20-pound dog, and 1.5 ounces for a 30-pound dog all require a call to the vet. How Much Chocolate Is Toxic for Dogs? White chocolate barely poses any … Try to round your dog’s weight to the nearest 10 pounds: 20, 50, 100 pounds, etc. is Chocolate really that toxic to your dog, and do you need to worry? However, your vet has drugs that can induce vomiting much more quickly and effectively that hydrogen peroxide. White chocolate has an insignificant amount of theobromine, but ingestion can still cause issues like pancreatitis. As a veterinarian, I get the most calls — by far — during the year-end holiday season (and Easter and Halloween) about chocolate ingestion by pets. If you ever have to make a call to a pet poison hotline, it’s almost a waste of money if you don’t have a general idea of the amount of the offending substance: The darker the chocolate, the more toxic: In case you’re wondering how we came up with the information above, there’s a formula. Approximately one pound of milk chocolate is poisonous to a 20-pound dog; one-half pound for a 10-pound dog. White chocolate contains minimal amounts of the toxic compounds, milk chocolate has moderate levels and dark or bittersweet chocolate has the most. Humans easily metabolise theobromine, but dogs process it much more slowly allowing it to build up to toxic levels in their system. The average chocolate bar contains 2 to 3 ounces of milk chocolate. You just need to know your dog's weight along with the type and amount of chocolate eaten. If your dog ingests an amount CLOSE to 20 mg or more of toxic ingredient per pound of dog, you need to call the vet right away. 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